(a) Issuance. If the complaint or one or more affidavits filed with the complaint establish probable cause to believe that an offense has been committed and that the defendant committed it, the judge must issue an arrest warrant to an officer authorized to execute it. At the request of an attorney for the government, the judge must issue a summons, instead of a warrant, to a person authorized to serve it. A judge may issue more than one warrant or summons on the same complaint. If a defendant fails to appear in response to a summons, a judge may, and upon request of an attorney for the government must, issue a warrant.
El Aemer El Mujaddid cannot make the required showing. The District Court had no obligation to “process” the federal complaint for peonage that he presented. Under Rule 4 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, a judge presented with a complaint establishing probable cause must issue an arrest warrant to an officer authorized to execute it. However, a judge is charged with determining whether probable cause actually exists. See Giorenello v. United States, 357 U.S. 480, 486 (1958). It is unclear from the document that El Aemer El Mujaddid presented whether probable cause existed; there are checkmarks next to probable cause is found and probable cause is not found. See In re: El Aemer El Mujaddid Docket No. 14-1861. Now review the Third Circuit’s rulings in another case U.S. V. JACKSON where issuance of a warrant was in question. Accordingly, the question becomes what “other evidence” is sufficient to indicate that the issuing authority made a finding of probable cause.3 Other United States District Courts have suggested that the following can constitute indicia of issuance: (1) an indication on the warrant of the date before which the search must be conducted,4 (2) the presence of a case number indicating that the warrant has been filed, (3) the presence of the issuing authority’s initials or other imprimaturs of judicial authority on the warrant, and (4) an in-person acknowledgment by the issuing authority to the affiant that probable cause has been found. See, e.g., Evans, 469 F. Supp. 2d at 897 (holding that an unsigned warrant had not been validly issued where the first two indicia were absent);
The court finds that the warrant in the instant case contains sufficient indicia of issuance to satisfy Fourth Amendment requirements. First, the warrant, which is located in the lower third of a document entitled “Application for Search Warrant and Authorization,” contains a handwritten date and time before which the search must be conducted — specifically, before “2:00 P.M. March 7, 2007.”
The issuing authority also placed a checkmark in a box signifying that the warrant “shall be served as soon as practicable and shall be served only between the hours of 6AM to 10PM.” Second, the upper right-hand corner of the application contains the handwritten warrant control number 00025-07-02, which indicates that the warrant had been filed. Third, the warrant contains various imprimaturs of judicial authority. Specifically, the application contains two seals that were affixed by the issuing authority and are labeled “Magisterial District Judge, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, York County District 19-2-01.” One of these seals is specifically located in the warrant portion of the application.
The issuing authority also placed a checkmark in the box indicating his title as “Magisterial District Judge” and inserted the handwritten date and time March 5, 2007 at 2:00 P.M. in a section labeled: “Issued under my hand this ___ day of ___, ___ at ___ M.” Finally, Detective Craul applied for the search warrant in person and *322322observed the issuing authority prepare and seal the warrant. Because the instant warrant contains each and every indicia of issuance that has been recognized by other district courts, the court finds that the warrant complies with the strictures of the Fourth Amendment. Defendants’ motion to suppress on this ground will be denied. *99 2.