“Sound Of Da Police”
That’s the sound of da police!
That’s the sound of the beast!
Stand clear! Don man a-talk
You can’t stand where I stand, you can’t walk where I walk
Watch out! We run New York
Police man come, we bust him out the park
I know this for a fact, you don’t like how I act
You claim I’m sellin’ crack
But you be doin’ that
I’d rather say “see ya”
Cause I would never be ya
Be a officer? You WICKED overseer!
Ya hotshot, wanna get props and be a saviour
First show a little respect, change your behavior
Change your attitude, change your plan
There could never really be justice on stolen land
Are you really for peace and equality?
Or when my car is hooked up, you know you wanna follow me
Your laws are minimal
Cause you won’t even think about lookin’ at the real criminal
This has got to cease
Cause we be getting HYPED to the sound of da police!
Now here’s a likkle truth
Open up your eye
While you’re checking out the boom-bap, check the exercise
Take the word “overseer,” like a sample
Repeat it very quickly in a crew for example
Officer, Officer, Officer, Officer!
Yeah, officer from overseer
You need a little clarity?
Check the similarity!
The overseer rode around the plantation
The officer is off patroling all the nation
The overseer could stop you what you’re doing
The officer will pull you over just when he’s pursuing
The overseer had the right to get ill
And if you fought back, the overseer had the right to kill
The officer has the right to arrest
And if you fight back they put a hole in your chest!
(Woop!) They both ride horses
After 400 years, I’ve _got_ no choices!
The police them have a little gun
So when I’m on the streets, I walk around with a bigger one
(Woop-woop!) I hear it all day
Just so they can run the light and be upon their way
Check out the message in a rough stylee
The real criminals are the C-O-P
You check for undercover and the one PD
But just a mere Black man, them want check me
Them check out me car for it shine like the sun
But them jealous or them vexed cause them can’t afford one
Black people still slaves up til today
But the Black police officer nah see it that way
Him want a salary
Him want it
So he put on a badge and kill people for it
My grandfather had to deal with the cops
My great-grandfather dealt with the cops
My GREAT grandfather had to deal with the cops
And then my great, great, great, great… when it’s gonna stop?!
Although the Supreme Court initially had doubts over whether the amendment covered anyone other than African Africans who had been enslaved, it later held, in the Slaughterhouse Cases (1872), that it would apply to “Mexican peonage or the Chinese coolie labor system” or any other system of forced labor. The courts have also ruled that the Thirteenth Amendment forbids “peonage,” the practice of forcing people to work to pay off their debts against their will. The Peonage Act is written to enforce the Thirteenth Amendment’s ban on “involuntary servitude.” Under this law, no one in the United States can be forced to work against his or her will even if one person is indebted to another. In addition to physically restraining or harming someone, the use of threats to get someone to work is also illegal.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit even announced these types of suits would be welcome under the 13th amendment “Suits attacking compulsory labor arise directly under prohibition of which is ‘undoubtedly self executing without any ancillary legislation’ and [b]y its own unaided force and effect abolished slavery, and established universal freedom’”Channer v. Hall, 112 F.3d 214 (5th Cir. 1997) (quoting Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. at 20, S.Ct.at 28) Thus the first clause applies to commonly understood instances of slavery. See William M. Carter, Jr. Race, Rights, and the 13th Amendment: Defining the Badges and Incidents of Slavery, U.C. Davis L. Rev. (April 4, 2007) See also Channer v. Hall, 112 F.3d 214 (5th Cir. 1997).
Using the 13th amendment to prosecute modern day slave owners would provide more forceful hearing, deterrence and nationwide alarm that the 13th amendment outlaws slavery in all its forms Our legal system must mirror, respect and apply the principles in our nation’s constitution. In United States v. Reynolds, the Supreme Court finds unconstitutional an Alabama law that allows people to pay off the fines of someone convicted of a misdemeanor, thus freeing the convict from jail, on the condition that the convict works to pay off the debt. Finding that the law allows for “involuntary servitude,” the Court notes that the work required to pay the debt can be harsher than if the convict had been sentenced to imprisonment at hard labor in the first place. Victims of human trafficking and other conditions of forced labor are commonly coerced by threat of legal actions to their detriment. Victims of forced labor and trafficking are protected by Title 18 of the U.S. Code.
At the time of the founding the concept of “slavery” was for broader than currently understood. “Slavery” meant illegitimate domination, political subordination, and the absence of republican government “chattel slavery” was only the most extreme and visible example of slavery. See Panel I. Thirteenth Amendment in Context The Dangerous Thirteenth Amendment Jack M. Balkin and Sanford Levinson. Constitutional interpreters should be able to consider the Framers’ vision of slavery as well as the views of the Reconstruction founders when creating constructions of the Thirteenth Amendment. See The Dangerous Thirteenth Amendment By: Jack M. Balkin and Sanford Levinson. Because the Thirteenth Amendment quotes the Northwest Ordinance almost verbatim, evidence about the concept of slavery at the Founding might be a permissible source for constitutional construction to make sense of and apply the Thirteenth Amendment’s general prohibition on “slavery” to the extent that the text is vague, abstract, or indeterminate. Looking back to the Founding, one discovers that the word “slavery” actually has a capacious meaning, far outstripping the practices of racialized chattel slavery that the Reconstruction Era framers sought to end in 1864.
Bernard Bailyn’s magisterial study of pamphlets written during the run-up to the American Revolution, which provided the basis for his deservedly famous Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, also emphasized the repeated invocation of “slavery” as the likely fate of the colonists if they submitted to the outrageous claims of their British would-be rulers. “‘Slavery,’” he writes, “was a central concept in eighteenth century political discourse. As the absolute political evil, it appears in every statement of political principle, in every discussion of constitutionalism or legal rights, in every exhortation to resistance.”103 As a “political concept,” slavery “had specific meaning which a later generation would lose.”104
As an example, Bailyn quotes a 1747 newspaper writer who declared that those who are “under the absolute and arbitrary direction of one man are all slaves, for he that is obliged to act or not to act according to the arbitrary will and pleasure of a governor, or his director, is as much a slave as he who is obliged to act or not according to the arbitrary will and pleasure of a master or his overseer.”105 “[T]he slaves of the latter,” the author wrote, “deserve highly to be pitied, the slaves of the former to be held in the utmost contempt.”106 There was a spectrum of slavery, and some varieties might be worse than others. But, as Bailyn explains, “The degradation of chattel slaves—painfully visible and unambiguously established in law— was only the final realization of what the loss of freedom could mean everywhere. When American colonists called their condition slavery, therefore, they were not simply engaged in overheated rhetoric. They were simply repeating what they had learned as part of their socialization as “free Englishmen.”
When a transaction is evidenced both by such a security agreement or a lease and by an instrument or a series of instruments, the group of writings taken together constitutes chattel paper. See West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. and U.C.C. § 9-102. Definitions and Index of Definitions. (11) “Chattel paper” means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. In this paragraph, “monetary obligation” means a monetary obligation secured by the goods or owed under a lease of the goods and includes a monetary obligation with respect to software used in the goods. The term does not include (i) charters or other contracts involving the use or hire of a vessel or (ii) records that evidence a right to payment arising out of the use of a credit or charge card or information contained on or for use with the card. If a transaction is evidenced by records that include an instrument or series of instruments, the group of records taken together constitutes chattel paper.
The Thirteenth Amendment was not solely a ban on chattel slavery, but also covers a much broader array of labor arrangements and social deprivations. See Maria L. Ontiveros, Professor of Law, University of San Francisco School of Law, and Joshua R. Drexler, J.D. Candidate, May 2008, University of San Francisco School of Law (21 July 2008), The Thirteenth Amendment and Access to Education for Children of Undocumented Workers: A New Look at Plyler v. Doe’; Publisher: University of San Francisco Law Review, Volume 42, Spring 2008, Pages 1045-1076; here page 1058-1059. The article was developed from a working paper prepared for the roundtable, “The Education of All Our Children: The 25th Anniversary of Plyler v. Doe,” sponsored by the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity & Diversity (University of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law), held on May 7, 2007. In the Slaughter-House Cases, the Court defined slavery as a “legalized social relation”. This vague definition of slavery, however, was accompanied by a broad definition of involuntary servitude. “Servitude,” the Court held, is “of a larger meaning than slavery” and includes “all shades and conditions of African Slavery [in America].