There are three doctrines which might apply in this case to extend the time period plaintiff had in which to file his complaint against the Defendant Sirakides for violation of the Constitutional rights: the discovery rule, equitable estoppel and the equitable tolling doctrine. Federal law, on the other hand, governs the issue of what constitutes accrual. Wallace, 549 U.S. at 388. Accrual is the 10 occurrence of damages caused by a wrongful act – “when a plaintiff has ‘a complete and present cause of action,’ that is, when ‘the plaintiff can file suit and obtain relief.’” Id. (quoting Bay Area Laundry and Dry Cleaning Pension Trust Fund v. Ferbar Corp. of Cal., 522 U.S. 192, 201 (1997)). As the Court in Wallace explained, “‘the tort cause of action accrues, and the statute of limitations commences to run, when the wrongful act or omission results in damages.’” Id. at 391 (quoting 1 Calvin W. Corman, Limitation of Actions § 7.4.1 (1991)).